Black beans: common varieties and agricultural techniques

Black beans: common varieties and agricultural techniques

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Beans are a vegetable crop with which mankind has been familiar for a very long time and well. It has been grown in South and Central America for over seven thousand years. Breeders have bred many varieties and hybrids, which sometimes look very unusual, to the extent that not everyone dares to try such exoticism. For example, there is a black bean that has both beans and grains that are very dark in color. They are prized for their increased nutritional value and large size. The culture cannot be called unpretentious in care, but nothing supernatural is required from the gardener. It is only necessary to study in advance its requirements for growing conditions.

What does black beans look like and what is useful?

Beans are an annual herb from the legume family. Her homeland is South and Central America. The culture came to Europe relatively recently, only in the 17th century, and for a long time it was grown exclusively as an ornamental beautifully flowering plant.

There are many natural varieties of beans. Some of them look very unusual. It is difficult even to imagine that this can be eaten. For example, black beans. Moreover, the characteristic shade is inherent not only in the grains. The beans can also be spotted in black or dark purple. Inexperienced gardeners often mistake them for dirt or symptoms of an exotic disease.

The peel of the beans can be dyed black

Meanwhile, black beans are not only tasty, but also very healthy. Compared to other varieties, it is the most nutritious and high-calorie (314 kcal per 100 g). Protein-rich beans are a decent alternative to meat if you're on a vegetarian diet. Caloric content, by the way, can be reduced by almost three times in the course of prolonged heat treatment. But the benefit is proportionally reduced.

Black beans can be both a bushy plant about 0.5 m high, and a liana, reaching 3-5 m in length. The stem is covered with short sparse villi. The root system is developed, the main taproot goes into the soil for at least a meter. Leaves are cordate, with a sharply pointed tip, arranged alternately, petioles are long. The edges are smooth, the surface of the leaf plate is wrinkled.

The appearance of the black bean plant varies greatly depending on the cultivar

Flowers of white or purple color are collected in inflorescences of 2-6 pieces and are located in the axils of the leaves. In shape, they are somewhat reminiscent of moths. Blossoming of black beans occurs at the end of June or July, the harvest ripens in August-September.

Blooming beans look pretty attractive, there are even special decorative varieties.

Fruits are long hanging beans, often with constrictions. In cross section, they are round, oval or nearly flat. The color is most often found green, yellow, purple. The grains are large, weighing an average of 0.55 g. They are elliptical or reniform in shape. They can be either monochromatic or speckled, spotted, mosaic, as well as with a pattern that resembles a pattern of veins on marble.

Black beans can be colored differently

The grains are smooth, shiny, as if covered with silk. Their size strongly depends on the cultivation conditions. In an optimally suitable or close to that microclimate, the grains ripen larger than other varieties of beans. The pulp is dense in consistency, but very tender, as if slightly oily. The grains taste sweet, with a slight hint of smoked or smoke.

Black beans have a very interesting characteristic taste, easily recognizable by gourmets

Black beans are almost an integral part of Latin American cuisine. She is especially loved in Mexico and Brazil. Grains are added to soups, they are used as a side dish for meat and fish dishes, alone or together with other vegetables, they prepare filling for baking, pates. They are best paired with onions, garlic, and oregano. But there are also more exotic options. In Cuba, it is one of the essential ingredients for making fruit salad. And in Guatemala, black beans are glazed with bitter chocolate.

Black beans go very well with most vegetables

In no case should you eat black beans without prior preparation. This plant, literally like a sponge, absorbs mineral compounds from the ground, including salts of heavy metals. Not only serious intoxication is possible, but also fatal. Before frying, baking or stewing beans, they must be soaked in cool water for 8-10 hours, and then boiled.

Not everyone dares to try black bean soup

It is scientifically proven that black beans are one of the healthiest plant foods. It is a source of many amino acids, including essential ones (lysine, glutamine, arginine). Normal metabolism is impossible without them. They are also necessary for the prevention of the development of cancer. The composition includes vitamins of group B, A, E, K. Of the trace elements, the presence of magnesium, potassium, calcium, zinc, copper, selenium, iron, phosphorus can be noted.

In terms of potassium content, black beans are far ahead of all other varieties. This trace element is vital for the body to maintain normal water-salt balance. It is advisable to include grains in the diet if there is a tendency to edema.

They are rich in fiber, which helps the absorption of heavy meats. With regular consumption, black beans normalizes the condition of the gastrointestinal tract, helps to get rid of constipation.

It is desirable to include it in the diet of women. B vitamins are responsible for youth and beauty, improving skin tone, its condition, smoothing fine wrinkles, tidying up teeth, hair and nails. At the same time, the state of the nervous system is normalized - the working capacity of the body and the brain improves, sleep problems disappear, the feeling of chronic stress disappears, bouts of unreasonable anxiety, and sudden mood swings.

Black beans are also useful for those who want to cleanse the body. It removes toxins and toxins, destroys cholesterol plaques on the walls of blood vessels and even dissolves kidney and gallstones.

The rich dark color of beans and grains makes black beans a potential allergen. If you know that you have a tendency to such reactions, the first time the product should be tried very carefully and little by little. There are other contraindications - increased acidity of gastric juice, diseases of the digestive tract in the acute stage, any problems with joints (rheumatism, gout, arthritis, arthrosis), nephritis and pyelonephritis.

In folk medicine, not only black beans are used, but also their pods. A decoction of them is recommended for diabetes, when it is necessary to lower blood sugar levels. It is also a good anti-inflammatory and diuretic.

In folk medicine, not only black beans are used, but also other parts of the plant.

Black beans are a thermophilic culture. The optimum temperature for the normal development of plants and the ripening of the crop is 24-28 ° C. The critical minimum is 2–4 ° C. The culture will not withstand even short-term exposure to negative temperatures. It also has one more feature: beans are a short-day plant. Daylight hours should last a maximum of 12 hours. But this is not synonymous with shade-loving. Sunlight is vital for a bountiful harvest of black beans.

In the eyes of gardeners, culture has another distinct advantage. It is the only bean species that does not suffer from bean weevil attacks. For some unknown reason, the pest simply refuses to lay eggs on dark-colored grains and beans.

Bean weevil (the most dangerous pest for the crop) bypasses varieties with black grains.

Video: health benefits of black beans

Varieties popular with gardeners

There are many varieties of black beans. It can be both asparagus and grain. In varieties from the first category, both grains and beans can be eaten, the second - only grains.

  • Black opal. A variety from the early maturing category. Bushy plant of medium height. The leaves are not large, the surface is slightly wrinkled. The flowers are purple. The beans are round, long, slightly curved, green in color. There are no coarse fibers and no parchment layer. The grains are oval, black, with subtle veins lighter. Average weight - about 0.55 g. The yield is not bad, but not outstanding - 1.9 kg / m². The taste is wonderful. Even the State Register of the Russian Federation recommends the variety for use in cooking.
  • Mauritanian. The variety is of medium ripening, bred a long time ago - it got into the State Register at the beginning of the 20th century. From germination to harvest, 55–58 days pass. Beans from the category of vines, the length of the vine is about 3 m. The leaves are small, the flowers are snow-white. Pods are short (12 cm), thin (0.7 cm), rounded. The average weight of the oval grain is 0.28–0.3 g. They are painted in an almost uniform black color, with barely noticeable grayish veins. The variety is universal - suitable for fresh consumption, canning, freezing. The yield is not bad - 2.2–2.3 kg / m². It is appreciated by gardeners for its resistance to low temperatures and a long fruiting period.
  • Kidney. A group of beans with grains of different colors, including black beans. All these varieties are characterized by a kidney-shaped grain and a light aroma after heat treatment, reminiscent of the smell of freshly baked bread. The beans are very large, the average grain weight is 1.5 g. The pulp is dense and granular in texture. The plant is bushy, low. The beans are bright green with a purple tinge.
  • Octave. The variety is suitable for freezing and is widely used in cooking. Quite a compact bush, reaching 40 cm in height. The flowers are small, pale lilac. The beans are straw-yellow or pale golden, their length reaches 17 cm, width - 1.4 cm. They are straight or with an almost imperceptible bend. The grains are large, monotonous black, weighing 0.94 g. The yield is very high - 2.7–2.8 kg / m². The variety has an innate immunity to bacteriosis and anthracnose.
  • Protva. Variety from the early category. A small bush that grows up to 35 cm in height. Pods are pale green, about 14.5 cm long and 0.85 cm wide, elliptical in cross section. They are very clearly visible against the background of rich emerald leaves. The flowers are bright purple. Harvest regularly - overripe pods quickly coarse. Black grains taste very good. Average weight - 0.52-0.54 g. The variety tolerates cold snap and prolonged drought well, is not affected by bacteriosis, anthracnose, mosaic virus. Average yield - 1.1-1.7 kg / m².
  • Preto. One of the most widespread black beans in the world. For example, it is grown commercially in the United States and China. Known by many nicknames, the most popular is the black turtle. A grain with a glossy black skin and a white rib, inside is a creamy pulp. The specialty of the variety is a light berry aroma. Gourmets can easily recognize the taste - sweetish, with an almost imperceptible bitterness that adds piquancy. The average grain weight is 0.5–0.55 g. The unusual color remains after heat treatment, the scar also darkens.
  • Grouse. Medium early variety. The bush is tall, not too compact. The leaves are large, slightly wrinkled. The flowers are lilac, small. Pods are pale yellow with pink-purple spots. They are not too long, but wide and flattened. There is no parchment layer. Recommended for use in cooking by the state register. The seeds are black, the average weight is 0.67 g. The yield is very high - 3.5 kg / m².
  • Earring. Early ripening variety. Good for freezing. Curly beans, the height of the stem reaches 1.5 m. The leaves are medium-sized, the flowers are bright purple. The beans are green, slightly curved, long. In cross section, the pod resembles a heart. Average grain weight - 0.65 g. Productivity - 2.3 kg / m².
  • Snow Maiden. A mid-early variety, one of the relatively recent achievements of Russian breeders. The plant is bushy, rather tall. The leaves are large, the severity of wrinkles is different. Pods are pale yellow, elongated, rather wide. The seeds are oval, medium in size, weighing about 0.85 g. Productivity - 2.6–2.9 kg / m².
  • Tatyana. A bush variety of early ripening. One of the novelties of breeding. Plants are quite compact. The flowers are large, lilac. The beans are yellowish, slightly curved. The grains are small, weighing about 0.52 g, in the form of a kidney. Low yield - 0.73 kg / m².
  • Fatima Plus. Corrected and supplemented version of the Fatima variety. Climbing beans, the length of the stem can reach 3 m. The variety is from the category of medium late. Leaves are medium-sized, strongly wrinkled. Pods are very long, wide, pale green in color. The grains are reniform, weighing about 0.69 g. The taste is very good, the yield is excellent (3.5 kg / m²).
  • Fedoseevna. Medium early grade. I got into the State Register in 2015. The bush is of medium height or high. The flowers are medium-sized, lilac. Light green beans, slightly curved, almost round in section. They are not fibrous, the parchment layer is also missing. Grains in the form of a kidney, weigh about 0.59 g. The yield is not bad - 2 kg / m².
  • Lukerya. A medium-ripening variety with an innate immunity to anthracnose. Recommended by the state register for cultivation in the Omsk region. The bush is tall, powerful, the top is slightly curled. Beans with an almost imperceptible bend, green. The grains are oval, black, with a white rib.
  • Black Pearl. Early asparagus beans. The growing season is 45-50 days. Shrub up to 50 cm high. Pods are bright yellow, 11–13 cm long, without parchment layer, straight or slightly curved. The grains are almost round, black-violet. Productivity - 2–2.5 kg / m².
  • Supernano. Mid-season beans from the asparagus category. The height of the bush is about 50 cm. The beans are bright green, as they ripen, they change color to sunny yellow, straight, as if slightly flattened. Length - 10–12 cm. The grains are large, round. This beans are valued for their excellent taste and resistance to anthracnose, bacteriosis, mosaic disease. The variety has a certain plasticity, successfully adapting to the climatic characteristics of a particular region.

Photo gallery: the best varieties of beans with black grains

Planting beans and preparing for it

Growing black beans is no more difficult than growing black beans with grains of any other color. Like her relatives, she is quite demanding on growing conditions. Getting a bountiful harvest is impossible if you do not create an optimal or close microclimate for the plants.

The most important thing for black beans is lighting. She is a short day plant, but that doesn't mean the culture loves shade. It is strongly discouraged to plant it near a fence, under trees, and so on. With a lack of light, the plants are ugly stretched, this has a very negative effect on productivity. It is worth considering that black beans do not like drafts and cold winds. Therefore, at some distance from the bed, there should be some kind of barrier that does not shade it.

Black beans must be planted in an open, sunny place, having previously taken care of protection from cold drafts

The culture adapts to a substrate of almost any quality, but the best option for it is a rather loose soil that allows water and air to pass through, and at the same time nutritious.In such conditions, more ovaries are formed. For example, loam, gray soil is well suited. But clayey, silty, peaty soil is the worst choice. In such a substrate, when preparing the beds, sand must be added (at least 5 l / m²).

Beans, for good reason, are called a moisture-loving plant. But she categorically does not tolerate excess water. If the groundwater approaches the soil surface closer than a meter and a half, the roots almost inevitably begin to rot. To avoid this, black beans are planted in higher elevations or hillsides. Another option is to sprinkle ridged beds with a height of at least 50-60 cm. It has another one advantage - the soil warms up faster, the seeds can be planted earlier.

In one and the same place, beans are grown for no more than 2-3 years. You need to wait the same amount of time if other legumes were cultivated on this bed before. Good predecessors and neighbors for her are plants from the family Pumpkin, Cruciferous, Solanaceous, onion, garlic.

Garlic is a good precursor and neighbor for beans

The plot chosen taking into account all the requirements is dug up to a depth of one shovel bayonet (25-30 cm) closer to the middle of autumn. From fertilizers in the process, you can add humus or rotted compost (5–8 l / m²). But fresh manure and poultry droppings are categorically contraindicated in culture. They oversaturate the soil with nitrogen, which black beans are able to absorb from the air and send into the soil.

Humus is a natural remedy for increasing soil fertility

It cannot produce phosphorus and potassium, so it is advisable to add simple superphosphate (30–40 g / m²) and potassium sulfate (20–30 g / m²). The natural source of these macronutrients is wood ash. A glass for 1 m² is enough. He loves culture and calcium, so it is useful to add dolomite flour, crushed chalk or eggshell crushed to a powdery state. In the spring, the bed is loosened well again, the soil is leveled. They do this a week and a half before the expected disembarkation.

Dolomite flour is a natural deoxidizer that has no side effects when the dosage is observed

Seeds are planted no earlier than the soil at a depth of 10 cm warms up to 10–12 ° C. You will not be mistaken in time if you focus on a reliable folk sign - the beginning of flowering of dandelions or chestnuts (but the latter are not everywhere). When planted earlier, the seeds begin to rot. The exact time depends on the region. This may be the first half of April or the end of May.

Most gardeners plant their seeds directly in the ground. But they definitely need preliminary preparation. This has a positive effect on germination. Bean seeds are dipped for 20-30 minutes in a bright pink solution of potassium permanganate or in any fungicide of biological origin, diluted according to the instructions. Then they are washed in cool running water and kept for 3-4 hours in an infusion of wood ash or any store-bought biostimulator. Then, at night before planting, the seeds are wrapped in a damp cloth or napkin. The final stage is to directly immerse them in a boric acid solution (2-3 g / l) by planting them in the ground.

Soaking bean seeds before planting has a positive effect on their germination.

The day before planting, furrows with a depth of 4–8 cm are formed in the garden bed. The lighter the soil, the more the seeds need to be buried. The intervals between them are at least 40 cm for bush beans and 10-15 cm more for curly beans. The distance between neighboring plants in the first case is 15–20 cm, in the second - 25–30 cm. They are poured abundantly with water warmed to room temperature, with the addition of several crystals of potassium permanganate (until pale pink).

If the selected bean variety belongs to the category of curly beans, it is imperative to provide a place for the trellis. The simplest option is several vertical supports with a wire stretched horizontally between them in 2-3 rows. It is desirable that they be wooden. Beans are practically unable to cling to plastic and metal.

It is impossible to grow curly beans without a trellis

3-4 seeds are planted in each hole, sprinkling them with humus mixed with sand. Before the emergence of shoots, the bed is tightened with plastic wrap or dark covering material. Black beans germinate rather quickly, after 7-10 days.

Bean seeds are planted in shallow furrows well spilled with water

The night temperature at the moment of removing the shelter should not be lower than 12 ° C. With the threat of recurrent frosts, if the seeds have already sprouted, the shoots are again closed or bred around the perimeter of the fire bed. There is another way to protect plantings from freezing, known to experienced gardeners - plants are sprayed with Epin diluted in cold water (ampoule for 3 liters). The effect lasts up to 8-10 days.

Epin is one of the most common biostimulants

Video: planting bean seeds in the ground

Black beans are rarely grown as seedlings. This method is mainly practiced by those who then sell it. It allows you to harvest 2-3 weeks earlier than usual, when the product is still in short supply on the market. Also, planting bean seedlings is justified in regions with a climate not very suitable for culture. This allows you to extend the period of fruiting.

Bean seed shoots in the garden appear quite quickly

The seeds are planted in peat cups. In this way, the stress associated with transplanting can be minimized without harming the root system. Any beans react to the latter very negatively. The seedlings are ready for planting in the ground about a month after the emergence of seedlings, it should have at least 3-4 true leaves. For seeds, the above-described pre-planting preparation is required.

The optimum temperature before emergence is 23–25 ° C. Then it is lowered to 16-18 ° C. The substrate is kept moderately moist at all times. If the seedlings do not grow particularly quickly, in the second leaf phase they are watered with a weak solution of any mineral nitrogen fertilizer.

The seedling method of growing black beans is rarely practiced.

Crop care tips

Beans, which have created optimal growing conditions, do not need special care. Like other horticultural crops, she needs to ensure regular weeding and loosening of the beds, timely watering and fertilization.

Loosening the soil contributes to better soil aeration

Another procedure necessary for plants is hilling. It is carried out when the seedlings reach a height of 8–10 cm and is repeated two weeks later. The aerial part of the beans is rather massive. If this is not done, the plants will fall on the ground under their own weight. Curly varieties about a month after germination are tied to a trellis.

Black beans are a moisture-loving crop. Only some modern varieties tolerate prolonged drought without much damage to themselves. At the same time, frequent abundant watering is also harmful - water stagnates at the roots, provoking the development of rot. It is especially important to provide the plants with moisture during flowering and during the ripening of the beans.

Black beans are a moisture-loving crop, this applies to both adult plants and newly emerged seedlings

The procedure is carried out early in the morning or late in the evening, when the sun has already set. In extreme heat, it is useful to additionally spray the plants or pour them from a watering can, also in the evenings. The best irrigation method is overhead irrigation that simulates natural precipitation. Water temperature - not lower than 18 ° С. If the weather is not too hot, it rains from time to time, it is enough to water the garden every 5-7 days. When it is warm and sunny outside, the intervals between procedures are reduced to 2-3 days. Or daily irrigation may be required.

Seedlings under the age of one month are watered every 3-4 days. When they form five true leaves, watering is reduced to the required minimum. In the new regime, it is resumed only after the beginning of flowering, gradually increasing the rate for each plant from 0.5–0.7 l to 2-3 l or up to 15–20 l / m².

Bean watering intervals are adjusted depending on the weather outside

For those gardeners who do not have the opportunity to live on the site permanently, mulching is useful. Peat, humus, freshly cut grass help to retain moisture in the soil and inhibit the growth of weeds.

Black beans respond to fertilizers with an increase in yield. Usually three dressings are carried out per season. This is enough even for late-ripening varieties.

The first time fertilization is applied 25-30 days after germination. Use a mixture of nitrogen and phosphorus fertilizers, for example, superphosphate and urea, diluting 10-15 g in 10 liters of water. You should not be zealous with nitrogen. With an increase in the recommended concentration, the beans begin to actively build up their green mass to the detriment of flowering and bean formation. Another negative consequence is the weakening of the plant's immunity.

Urea, like other nitrogen-containing fertilizers, is used with strict adherence to the recommended dosage and timing of top dressing

The second feeding is carried out approximately three weeks after the first. You can use any complex shop fertilizer for legumes. Natural organic matter is also suitable - infusions of fresh cow dung, bird droppings, dandelion leaves, nettle greens. Before use, the finished product must be drained and diluted with water in a ratio of 1: 8 (and if droppings were used as raw materials - 1:15).

Nettle infusion is a natural and absolutely free fertilizer

The last fertilization is applied after another three weeks. Ripening beans need potassium. The natural source of this macronutrient is wood ash. It is poured dry to the bases of the stems or an infusion is prepared. Mineral fertilizer is also suitable - potassium sulfate.

Video: the experience of growing black beans

Pests do not show special attention to black beans. However, there are a few exceptions. The greatest harm to plants can be caused by slugs and scale insects.

To protect the planting from mollusks, the base of the stem is surrounded by a barrier of needles, sand, and ground shells. Traps are also effective - containers dug into the soil in the garden bed, filled with beer, kvass, jam diluted with water, chopped cabbage leaves. To scare off pests, plantings are sprayed with infusion of onion or garlic gruel every 10-12 days. They also protect the beans from the scale insects. You can also fight it by laying out pieces of fabric or cotton wool moistened with kerosene or turpentine in the aisles. It is useful to surround the garden bed around the perimeter with herbs and flowers with a pungent smell - dill, basil, rosemary, sage, marigolds, lavender. The soil is periodically sprinkled with wood ash mixed with tobacco chips, ground pepper, mustard powder.

Slugs feed on green plants, eat holes in fruits

As a rule, in order to prevent a massive invasion of pests, preventive measures are sufficient. It is very undesirable to use chemicals to combat them - black beans (and any other too), like a sponge, absorbs any harmful substances. But if other methods have not brought the desired effect, Meta, Thunderstorm, Slime-eater are used against slugs, Aktaru, Fufanon, Fosbecid are used against scabbards.

The tissues around the scabbards acquire an unnatural reddish-yellow tint.

The most common diseases are mosaic, root rot, anthracnose, bacteriosis, leaf rust. The first, in principle, is not amenable to treatment with modern means. Rot most often manifests itself on the aboveground part only when the process of its development is already irreversible. In both cases, the only thing left to do is to pull out the plants and burn them, eliminating the source of the infection. The substrate in this place is disinfected by spilling 5% copper sulfate.

To prevent the development of fungal diseases, potassium permanganate is periodically added to the water for irrigation so that a pinkish solution is obtained. Plants are powdered with crushed chalk or colloidal sulfur. Before planting, seeds are etched in a solution of Trichodermin, Alirin-B. Having found characteristic signs, fungicides are used, preferably of biological origin. These drugs cause less harm to human health and the environment. The most common are Stroby, Bayleton, Baikal-EM.

Photo gallery: symptoms of diseases dangerous for black beans

Gardeners reviews

Black beans, which are almost an integral part of the diet in Latin America, are gradually gaining popularity in other countries. Russian gardeners also meet her, many of whom like to experiment with unusual exoticism. Black beans are very nutritious and healthy. Crop care cannot be called very simple, but even an inexperienced gardener can get a good harvest. There are quite a few of its varieties and varieties, including those bred in Russia. They adapt in advance to the conditions of the local climate. Surely, if desired, everyone will find a variety to their liking, they all have many undoubted advantages. Among other things, many of them look very decorative, decorating the site.

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Black beans: health benefits and harms

Gastroenterologists and nutritionists recommend that black bean dishes be added to the diet for patients suffering from heart and circulatory system diseases, overweight, and high blood sugar. The leguminous vegetable has a smoked meat flavor, and its color varies from rich cherry to blue-black. The culture is unpretentious to care for, so many gardeners are happy to grow it on their plots.

History of the origin of the variety

Beans or cowpea Black Eye is native to India, but the first mention of it as a traditional dish served on New Year's holidays appeared as early as 500 years in the Babylonian Talmud. The beans, widely grown in Asia, were shipped to Latin America, then they ended up in the southern part of the United States. Since the 17th century, Black Eyes began to be grown in Virginia, and after another century, the beans became known in the Carolina and Florida.

The peak of the plant's popularity came in the post-war period (1861-1865). After Vigna appeared in Texas. The popularity of Black Eye Beans in America is due to their ease of cultivation as well as their great nutritional value. These beans are now among the most popular ingredients in Asian, Chinese, African and American cuisines (especially in the South). From America, cowpea was brought to Europe, where it spread with lightning speed.

Types of beans by method of use - names, photos and descriptions

Depending on the use of the crop, the following varieties of beans are distinguished:

Peeling - only grains are eaten, the pods are too tough for use in cooking. These varieties are especially nutritious.

Shelling, or grain, beans

Asparagus - grains are used together with the pod, which remains soft throughout the growing season.

In the photo, asparagus beans, eaten along with the pods

Semi-sugar - until fully ripe, it is used as an asparagus, but at the end of the growing season the pod coarsens and becomes unsuitable for food.

Types of beans in appearance and nutritional value

String beans are presented in a variety of varieties that differ in color: green, yellow, purple. All varieties of hulled beans are divided into types according to the characteristics of the beans:

Fava - dark brown beans can be eaten with a pod, and after full ripening - without it.

In the photo, fava beans

Vigna - the color of the beans is white with a black speck on the side. Varieties need less cooking time.

Vigna beans

Chali - large white grains with special benefits for the body.

Chali beans in the photo

Flajolet - more often consumed with pods, green beans.

Beans Flazhole

Pinto - White beans with bright red spots and high iron content.

Pinto beans

Black - small grains, dark on the outside and light on the inside, are characterized by a high protein content and an antitumor effect.

Black beans - photo matches description

Kidney beans

Lima - white or green large grains that strengthen the circulatory system.

In the photo, Lima beans

Navy - white small grains, similar to beads and contain an abundance of vitamin.

A type of beans called Nevi

Popular varieties of bush asparagus beans with photos and descriptions

Asparagus beans are not yet so popular in Russia, nevertheless, gardeners have already identified some varieties that grow well in our climate.

Compact bushes up to 40 cm in height delight with the early appearance of useful pods, the length of which reaches 12 cm. The beans are pink. Sachs bean variety

A variety of beans, which is distinguished by early maturation and compactness of the bush. The pods are yellow and long - 25 cm. According to the description, this variety practically does not get sick and tolerates a lack of moisture well.

Beans Butter King by description are very oily

Medium ripening variety with 15 cm long purple pods for canning. Beans with this name are considered one of the most picky to grow.

In the photo, the Purple Queen beans

Beans with this name are distinguished by the average aging period and the yellow color of the pods. According to the description, it is suitable both for consumption immediately after processing and for conservation.

Best Asparagus and Semi-Sweet Curly Beans - Names and Photos

With the help of climbing varieties of beans, you can get not only a rich harvest, but also an excellent decoration of the land. They can be an element of decoration for a fence or gazebo. Bright and delicate flowers create a charming atmosphere on the site (see photo). Curly beans are more often grown in a greenhouse, especially in cold regions.

The names of popular varieties of sugar curly beans in Russia:

Winner - very decorative beans with red flowers and long pods, ripening in 3 months.

Beans of the winner variety have a high decorative effect

Melody - curly beans with early ripening (2 months) and medium long pods.

Golden nectar - characterized by long yellow pods and an average ripening rate (about 70 days).

The best semi-sugar beans

Semi-sugar beans can be eaten with the pod until fully ripe and as cereal when fully ripe. The most popular are:

Welt - the name of semi-sugar beans with green pods and medium size.

Second - the name of an early maturing variety with medium length pods.

In the photo, beans of the Rant variety

Grain beans - description and photos of popular varieties

Hulled beans are very nutritious and healthy. They are stored without pretreatment, and before cooking they are soaked in water for several hours. The coarse and fibrous pods of such beans are impossible to eat.

Popular varieties:

Ruby - dark cherry kernels that look very decorative.

Rubin beans correspond to the name

Gribovskaya - White beans are fully ripe in three months.

In the photo, beans of the Gribovsk variety

Swallow - beans of an interesting shape, white with purple splashes.

Chocolate girl - as the name suggests, the beans are brown, the plant is very thermophilic.

We examined the most popular varieties of beans in Russia with a photo and a name. The descriptions of the varieties contain the most important characteristics that should help you make the right choice. Remember, beans are the most valuable food product that can be completely replaced with little.


Watch the video: Συνταγή για Βιολογικά Μαύρα Φασόλια Γίγαντες με Λαχανικά στο Φούρνο


  1. Mulkree

    What a great sentence

  2. Dijar

    I agree, a very useful thing

  3. Tevis

    Very interesting blog. All the most interesting is collected here. It's good that I found this blog, I read different notes here from time to time.

  4. Gugore

    And what to do in this case?

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